Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person’s blood sugar (glucose) level to become too high.
There are two main types of diabetes:
- Type 1 – where the pancreas doesn’t produce any insulin
- Type 2 – where the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin or the body’s cells don’t react to insulin
Treating type 1 diabetes
It’s important that diabetes is diagnosed early, so that treatment can begin promptly.
There is no cure for Diabetes, but treatment will keep blood glucose levels as normal as possible and control your symptoms, to prevent health problems developing later in life.
Diabetes stops your body producing insulin, so you’ll need regular insulin injections to keep your glucose levels normal.
Insulin injections which may be necessary come in several different forms, with each working slightly differently. Some last up to a whole day (long-acting), some last up to eight hours (short-acting) and some work quickly but don’t last very long (rapid-acting).
The symptoms of diabetes occur because the lack of insulin means that glucose stays in the blood and isn’t used as fuel for energy.
Your body tries to reduce blood glucose levels by getting rid of the excess glucose in your urine.
Typical symptoms include:
- feeling very thirsty
- passing urine more often than usual, particularly at night
- feeling very tired
- weight loss and loss of muscle bulk
The symptoms of type 1 diabetes usually develop very quickly in young people and in older people it may take a few more weeks.